The Nordic Model for Supporting Artists - Public Support for Artists in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden
The study concerns support for professional artists, excluding funding for amateur activities. Its scope is limited to support measures at the national level. In all the countries examined, it is the state which has the primary responsibility for supporting professional artists. Compared with state support at the national level, municipalities and regional authorities play a minor role in providing direct support for professional artists. The concept of state support for artists covers direct support to individual artists in the form of various types of grants (such as working grants, project grants and income guarantees), as well as copyright-related schemes of support (such as public lending right remuneration for writers and public display remuneration for visual artists).